Wednesday, December 30, 2009

A bunch more family pictures!


As always click on the above image to enlarge it.

Much thanks to cousin Dave Olney for sending me 17 more family images from the years following the diary year.  The above image is of an Olney Family reunion circa 1913 - 27 years later?

There are 16 other wonderful pictures of various of Henry and Sarah's kids, their wives and husbands, and their kids!  Click here to view my Picassa Web album of these 17 images!

And be sure to check out my 2010 blog of my great uncle Bert's 1894 diary!

Tuesday, December 29, 2009

December 29 thru 31, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.


Wednesday, December 29, 1886 --- Henry says he is not feeling well, and does not do much. Bart continues to draw ice. Robert Stanton stayed overnight with the boys. Harmon Ingraham and Hattie (his daughter) and grand daughter Florence came to visit. They are well, and they have brought "butternuts" and popcorn for the kids. Henry sends them home with a couple of pullets and a rooster. (a pullet is a hen less than one year old)

Note: Butternuts are nuts in the Juglans genus, which also includes walnuts. The nuts strongly resemble walnuts, growing in sticky strongly scented pods which split open to reveal a knobbled husk with a shell inside. Butternuts are also sometimes called white walnuts, a nod to their resemblance to conventional walnuts, although they have a far richer, sweeter, flavor and more pale bark and wood. Unfortunately, true butternuts can be very difficult to obtain these days, because they are not cultivated on a wide scale and the butternut crop has been devastated by canker and fungal infections.

Thursday, December 30, 1886 --- Henry has the boys pack away the ice, and then Bart goes to get more ice blocks. John Babcock comes by looking to buy a horse. Henry offers him Old Kitt for $100. Cash, or a good note for 3 months. John stays until toward evening, but does not decide whether to buy Old Kit.

Note: John Babcock is my great great grandfather on my mother's side. This discussion represents two of my great great grandfather's doing business together! This is a good time to note that I bought another diary this past summer. The diary is that of John Babcock's son Bert Babcock. At the time of the diary Bert is 27 year's old. The year is 1894 - 8 years after Henry's diary. (I also have a transcript of a diary of John Babcock) Picture of Bert Babcock below.Bert Babcock is not in my direct line - he had no kids - He is the brother of my great grandfather Leman Babcock..... my grandmother's father.

Friday, December 31, 1886 --- Sarah goes to Naples. Henry and the boys pack the ice into the ice house, cutting the large blocks into thirds, and packing away all the ice that they have hauled so far. Henry sends the resolutions that the church voted on last week to Dayton, Ohio for publication. (This must mean that the church is part of a denomination or other type group based in Dayton.) Henry also writes a letter to Elder Childs. Bart, Mills, Lois, and Jen go to a surprise party. Nina Fox comes over, and goes to the party with Lois.

Henry notes that "it is foggy tonight". And thus ends the 1886 diary entries of Henry Cadmus Olney - my great great grandfather.

The lower part of the right page contains the record of Henry's agreement with Leicester Fox to hire Bart. See entry of March 12 - 15, 1886

Friday, December 25, 2009

December 25 thru 28, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Saturday, December 25, 1886 --- Henry makes no mention of today being Christmas? He does mention that it is Cad's birthday! Henry also notes that Sarah has "cups and saucers enough for two". (I have no idea what this comment is referring to?) Bart and Mills spend part of the day drawing manure. Sarah and Henry go to Ingleside to check the mail. They get a letter from H.F. Waddamus, and a post card from Addie. Omar goes to Bloods and gets hats for Lois and Ettie.

Sunday, December 26th, 1886 --- Sarah and Henry, and Jen, Bart, Mills and Ettie go to church. Elder Hibbard gives a very "applicable discourse". After church service, they have some sort of meeting and organize a Bible class, and appoint a committee to draft a resolution on the death of Isadore Graves. (she must have been a prominent person in their group) They attend an evening service, and Elder Hibbard comes home with them to spend the night.

Monday, December 27th, 1886 --- Henry spends the morning visiting with Elder Hibbard, and then takes him to the train in Bloods after lunch. He buys a broom at Cornishes, and a gallon of kerosene. Bart and Mills clean up some oats, and then clean the sawdust out of the ice house in preparation for harvesting more ice for the coming season. Henry arranges with Lee Manning for him to cut and help load ice cakes at the rate of $3.00 for 200 cakes.

Tuesday, December 28th, 1886 --- Bart draws 6 loads of 15 ice cakes in each load for a total of 90 cakes. ( based on the weight of loads of potatoes and grain from earlier in the year, I would guess the ice cakes at about 100 pounds each? Ice weighs 92% of the weight of the same volume of water. A cubic foot of ice weighs about 57 pounds. Thus the cakes were probably around 2 cubic feet - give or take a bit? One dimension of course would be the thickness of the ice.) They also cut and stored ice back in late February/ early March. Click here. Mills and Henry pack the ice into the ice house as Bart delivers it. They get 5 of the 6 loads packed away. There must have been some sort of event at church this week, because they go to church in the evening to hear a sermon by Elder Lawton. They meet after the service, and examine the resolutions that have been prepared, and decide which to adopt.

(Don's notes --- I can't believe this year with Henry and his family and neighbors is almost over. I'm feeling very odd about not getting my daily dose of family history! - one more entry to go, and that one only 3 days instead of the usual 4!)

Monday, December 21, 2009

December 21 thru 24, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Tuesday, December 22, 1886 --- (Note - Henry reversed entries for Monday and Tuesday, so go back to the previous entry to see Tuesdays original copy.) Henry does the chores, and Henry Tenney comes to get some buttermilk, and to invite Henry and Sarah over to visit with them and with Amasa Warren and his wife. They go, and stay until around 9PM.

Wednesday, December 23, 1886 --- Henry does some writing - not sure what - maybe more work on transcribing the church records? He make some arrangements for killing hogs tomorrow. Henry draws some firewood towards evening. Sarah is working on a dress, and Jen goes to see Mrs. George C. Lewis about cutting and making a couple of dresses for her. Bart comes home to stay until after the holidays. (Note: I guess he is staying with Aunt Harriet in Naples, but I'm still not sure who she is, or why Bart is staying in Naples..... maybe going to school there?) (Another note - Henry does not seem to make any mention of Easter or Christmas, but here he does mention "the holidays"?)

Thursday, December 24, 1886 --- Henry and the boys butcher the hogs - starting around 9AM, and finishing around noon. Henry notes that they are good, but not as large as last year. They boys cut up the meat, including sausage meat. Mills grinds the meat, and they get 49 pounds of sausage made. They also get the lard rendered. See note on rendering lard below:

Rendering Lard

"A 225-pound hog will yield about 30 pounds of fat that can be rendered into fine shortening for pastries, biscuits, and frying. The sheet of fat just inside the ribs makes the best quality, snowy-white lard. This “leaf” fat renders most easily, too -- and is ninety percent fat. The “back” fat, a thick layer just under the skin, is almost as good, giving about eighty percent of its weight in lard.

A slow fire and a heavy pot that conducts heat evenly are most important in making lard. Put ¼” of water in the pot to keep the fat from scortching at first. Remove any fibers, lean meat, and bloody spots from the fat, and cut into very small pieces. It’s not necessary to remove pieces of skin, but many people prefer to. Put a shallow layer of fat in the pot. When the first layer of fat has started to melt, add more. Do not fill the kettle to the top -- it can boil over too easily. Stir frequently and keep fire low.

The temperature of the lard will be 212F at first, but as the water evaporates, the temperature will rise. Be forwarned that this will take a long time at low heat and that you must stir the lard frequently to prevent scortching. As the lard renders, the cracklings will float to the surface. When the lard is almost done and the cracklings have lost the rest of their moisture, they will sink to the bottom. At this point turn off the heat and allow the lard to settle and cool slightly. Then carefully dip the liquid off the top into clean containers. Strain the cracklings and residual liquid through cheese cloth. Fill containers to the top -- the lard will contract quite a bit while cooling. Chill as quickly as possible for a fine-grained shortening.

Air, light, and moisture can make lard rancid and sour. So after it has been thoroughly cooled, cover the containers tightly and store them in a dark, cool area.

The residual of cracklings are a favorite country treat. Drain them, add salt, and eat the crispy bits as they are. Or make a spread by chopping them finely with onion, pepper, and other seasonings and simmering them in a ½ cup broth until they are thick and bubbly.

Cracklings can be used like bacon bits to season eggs and vegetables. You can also add ½ cup to your favorite recipes to make “cracklings” biscuits, cornbread, or other quick breads."


Henry Tenney comes to visit in the evening.

Friday, December 24, 1886 --- They had an ice storm overnight - very slippery! Bart takes John to the blacksmith in Ingleside for new shoes on all 4 feet. Henry works on the butchering the meat from the hogs. He cuts up the side meat and salts it. He then prepares the hams and shoulders. Sarah makes head cheese. (Head cheese is basically made by boiling the hog's head until the meat comes loose. Cut up or grind the meat, and mix with the gelatin from the boiled head bones and spices, and allow to set up.) Omar and Henry go to Naples in the afternoon.

Thursday, December 17, 2009

December 17 thru 20, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Friday, December 17, 1886 --- Henry says he does some odds and ends, and then puts up 2 bushels of wheat to be ground for flour for Aunt Harriett. He goes to Naples and leaves the wheat at the Red Mill. He stops at the Photograph Gallery to see if the proofs are done from the photo he had done the other day. He evidently takes the two choices home to decide because hte goes to the photographer on Tuesday with his choice. He also gets a gallon can of Kerosene and some bolts at Jordan's. Bart came home. (Not sure where he was?)

Saturday, December 18, 1886 --- Bart and Mills cut wood, and Henry sharpens the crosscut saw. Henry copies the church records from his notes into the official church book, but does not get quite done. Sarah and Henry attend the Grange meeting. It is the annual election of officers an also delivery night for the items they have ordered through the Grange. Henry pays his 60 cents dues, and $2.52 for his ordered goods.

Sunday, December 19, 1886 --- Sarah and Henry, Jen, Mills, and Lois go to church. Lois goes home with Stephen Stanton. They stay after church for a funeral service for Daniel Eldred's child. Elder Masten preaches. They also attend the evening service. Aaron Drake and Frank Simmons "have unfriendly words" after the morning service.

Monday, December 20, 1886 --- (Henry reverses Monday and Tuesday's entries) Henry puts up a grist of feed for the pigs and takes it to the Red Mill in Naples. (I'm not sure why Henry seems to have switched from Lyon's Mill to Red Mill?) He buys some drill shafts (drill bits?) from Jordan's. He discovers an error on the bill - should have been charged 60 cents, but there is 75 cents on the bill? He stops at the photo gallery to indicate his choice, and is told the pictures will be ready at the end of the week. He also buys a pair of boots at Storey's. (See the next entry for the original copy)

Sunday, December 13, 2009

December 13 thru 16, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Monday, December 13, 1886 --- Funeral service for Isadore Graves at the Ingleside Christian Church. Omar, Jennie, Sarah, and Henry go to the service which is read by Elder Waite, and a prayer is offered by Elder Hibbard. "There was a full house, and many were deeply moved with sympathy."

Tuesday, December 14, 1886 --- Mills does chores and goes to school. (Two things that don't get mentioned often - Henry does not use the word "chores" very often, and in fact does not mention the day to day repeated things like milking, gathering eggs, feeding the pigs, etc. Also, going to school is not something Henry mentions much.) Henry draws some firewood for (?) Polmateer. He sharpens the hand saw and the buck saw and cuts some wood. Jen does the washing, and Sarah bakes, and the children go to school. Sarah rips her old black dress, and prepares to rebuild it. They have beef steak for dinner. (another thing Henry does not mention much - the actual things they eat.)

Wednesday, December 15, 1886 --- Henry takes 4 bags of grist to Naples to be ground for feed for the horses. He goes to the Photography Gallery and sits for a photo. He is to get 12 photos for $2.00. He pays Mr. Saunders $1 deposit. The photographer will send two proofs to choose from. He pays Reed and Tobey $12 for the overcoat, and gets 10 cents worth of bolts at Jordan's Hardware. He also goes to Granby's and gets 1 yard of wigging for 10 cents. As I understand it, wigging is an open canvas-like fabric, used for stiffening and protecting the lower inside surface of skirts, sleeves, etc.

Thursday, December 16, 1886 --- Henry repairs and sharpens the crosscut saw. Sarah and Henry go to Ingleside to visit Vern Drake. Henry settles accounts with the blacksmith Avery, for $5.96. They also see Augustus Weld and his wife. Augustus is Sarah's mother's youngest brother. They go to prayer meeting in the evening.

Wednesday, December 9, 2009

December 9 thru 12, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Thursday, December 9, 1886 --- Henry makes the rave for the long sleigh from the wood he bought from Nickles yesterday. He also puts a roller in the sleigh, but I'm not sure what that is? Sarah and Henry to to prayer meeting in the evening.

Friday, December 10, 1886 --- Henry continues working on the sleigh, putting the "tung" in it. I presume this is the piece on the front to attach to the horses? They have some visitors - Charles Conley and his wife Susie and Mary Vantuyl (sp?). Henry heads for Bloods to meet Jen part way and bring her home. There is a "donation" for Elder Hibbard. (a donation is a sort of fund raiser event - usually to raise money for the minister?) Henry has a fine time, and there is a good turnout! They raise $104 - a goodly some. Henry gets paid by Briglin for the barley - $169.84. Henry pays $1.40 on his school taxes.

Saturday, December 11, 1886 --- Henry goes to Avery's to pick up Brother J.D. Childs. Elder Hibbard and his wife stayed overnight with Henry and Sarah. They have quite a group over for dinner. In addition to the Hibbards, and Brother Childs, Frank Simmons and his wife, and Stephen Stanton and his wife and brother, and Sister Tenney (Jane?). Henry says that Elder Childs stays overnight. (I had thought that "Brother" and "Elder" were different terms, but Henry refers to Mr. Childs by both terms?) Henry pays Omar $135 on the Note. I presume this is Omar's wages. Henry gets 50 cents back on his school taxes from Owen Pressler because of an error on the school books.

Sunday, December 12, 1886 --- The Sunday service is led by Elder J.D.Childs. Sarah, Henry, Bart, and Mills go to church in Ingleside. Isadore Graves is buried today, but the funeral service is tomorrow morning at the church. They go to visit Sister Hibbard after the service. She is at the Tenney's where she stayed this morning because she was feeling ill. Elder Childs preaches again in the evening.

Saturday, December 5, 2009

December 5 thru 8, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Sunday, December 5, 1886 --- Henry, Sarah, Lois, Ettie, and Mills go to church in the forenoon. The young folks go back in the evening, but Henry and Sarah stay home. Henry comments that Omar was home for dinner. I'm not sure where he had been? Winter has set in good! Temperature is 6 below at night!

Monday, December 6, 1886 --- Henry takes a grist of feed for the hogs to Naples to be ground. He takes his overcoat back to Tobey and Reed for alterations. He looks at other coats, but does not find anything he likes better. The ledger in the back indicates that he buys next year's diaries for himself and Sarah - one at 60 cents, and one at 40 cents - from George Watrous? He then goes to Bloods and sells the beef hide from the other day to Cornish - I'm not completely sure what this entry means, but the ledger in the back of the diary indicates that he gets $2.80 plus an 85 cent barrel of salt for the hide - total value of $3.65. He then settles accounts with D. Weld - $5.00. He then buys 18 board feet of lumber from him at 2 cents a foot! He checks with Briglin on the balance due on the barley, but does not get paid.

Tuesday, December 7, 1886 --- Henry goes to visit Henry Tenney, and tries to get some lumber to make raves (One of the upper side pieces of the frame of a wagon body or a sleigh) for the sleigh, but does not find anything suitable. Jane Tenney sends 65 cents -- 40 cents for lard, and 25 cents she had borrowed. Omar comes by in the afternoon on the way to Naples, and takes the Democrat waggon and horses, and brings home the grist from the mill. Henry pays Omar $5 on what he owes him. (More evidence that Omar is staying somewhere else??)

Wednesday, December 8, 1886 --- Henry goes to John Nickles to check on wood for the sleigh raves. John has suitable oak, and Henry buys 20 feet at 2 cents a foot. Henry then finishes banking the house for the winter, and also banks the south end of the barn, and puts a roof over the banking material? Jane Tenney comes by and Sarah cuts pieces for a dress for her. Mart Lawyer comes by and borrows a big kettle.

Tuesday, December 1, 2009

December 1 thru 4, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Wednesday, December 1, 1886 --- Bart takes another load of Barley to Briglin in Bloods. Jen goes to Bell Glover's wedding at noon. Henry goes to Ingleside and has blacksmith Avery set 4 shoes on Kitt, and also gets 2 1/4 gallons of kerosene. Sarah's oldest brother Harvey Hill comes to visit and stay overnight. Ira (?) Hines comes to visit too.

Thursday, December 2, 1886 --- Bart takes another load of barley - 1550 pounds - to Bloods. Sarah's brother stays until around 11 AM. Bart and Henry bank the house in the afternoon - (when I was a kid we banked the house with hay bales around the foundation -- not sure how they would have banked the house then?) Jen is altering her brown dress, and Mills has evidently had an encounter with a skunk! Mills and Cad move the chickens into the barn.

Friday, December 3, 1886 --- Bart takes another load of barley to Bloods - a total of 112 bushels of number 1 barley, for a total due of $67.50. Henry records that he is to get the $ tomorrow? (The #1 barley reference probably explains the two tier price system by which Henry was paid for the barley) Henry sends Bart with the balance due of $2.07 on the threshing to Ad Robinson. Henry and Bart clean up the barley screenings - chaff left over from the cleaning process --- yielding about 10 bushels that will be used for feed for the animals over the winter.

Saturday, December 4, 1886 --- Henry, with help from Bart and Mills, dress a beef in the forenoon. Sarah goes to Naples to arrange for Bart to room with Aunt Harriet. (Not sure who this is or why Bart will be rooming in Naples?) Sarah and Henry go to fellowship in the afternoon with a "goodly number' in attendance, and go visit Sister Simons afterward. In the evening they go to Grange.

Friday, November 27, 2009

November 27 thru 30, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Saturday, November 27, 1886 --- Bart takes two loads of barley to Bloods to Briglin. First load goes by waggon at 2435 pounds, and the second load by sleigh - 2100 pounds. Omar finishes the ditch, and then Omar and Jen go to Naples. Omar buys a robe at Granby's for $7. Bart gets receipts for the two loads of barley, but does not get paid.

Sunday, November 28, 1886 --- Sarah, Jen, Mills, and Henry go to church and hear Elder Hibbard preach a sermon on the First Epistle of John, Chapter 4. Sarah and Henry go to meeting in the evening too. Jen goes with Fred Tyler to Wheeler Hill. (There is a Wheeler Hill Church in Wheeler, NY - about 14 miles southeast of Ingleside.) Henry notes that Omar goes to the North, and Bart goes to the South -- "They must have a change of climate in view". I'm not at all sure what that means???

Monday, November 29, 1886 --- Bart takes a load of barley to Briglin in Bloods -- 22 bags same as the first load --- but has to leave the bags because the train engine is broken. They can't take another load that afternoon. Bart and Henry clean about 60 bushels of barley in the afternoon. Sarah does the wash and Jen helps. Sarah is not feeling well. Prudie stays home (from school ?) because she does not feel well from a fall yesterday. (I think this is the only time Henry mentions his 8 year old daughter)

Tuesday, November 30, 1886 --- Bart takes another load of barley to Briglin in Bloods, and they finish cleaning the barley in the afternoon. Omar, Jen, and Bart go to a surprise party at Lou Maxfields. Sarah and Heney go to visit Frank Drake in the evening. William and Phoebe Blodgett are there too.

Monday, November 23, 2009

November 23 thru 26, 1886


As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Tuesday, November 23, 1886 --- Sarah and Henry mend bags - presumably grain/feed bags - maybe for transporting the barley to Bloods. They need 23 bags and while they recently bought some new ones, they only have 6 new ones. Jen goes to spend the night at Julia Marsh's house. Henry gathers teasel to make ointment. Picture of teasel below. The first picture was taken in my yard in mid July. The second picture is what they look like in late November. According to what I can find, the ointment would be made from the roots.... not sure what else is added to make the ointment, but the ointment was believed to soothe rheumatic pain, and to help heal warts, and open sores on the fingers. ( I remember my Dad having lots of problems with cracked and sore hands from farm work when I was a kid.)They also put up a grist of feed for the horses and the hogs.


Wednesday, November 24, 1886 --- Henry goes to Naples with the grist of grain to be ground for the horses and the hogs. While in Naples, Henry gets his watch fixed for 10 cents. He then settles a lot of accounts in Naples with the money earned from the seasons crops.
Jordan Brothers - $31.48 - hardware items
He also buys some strap hinges and nails for 45 cents.

Granby Brothers - $48.69 - clothing
Granby's also seems to take some butter at 20 cents a pound.. not sure of the accounting - maybe 59 pounds?

Reed and Tobey - $16.20 - clothing

Lewis Brothers - $3.41 - clothing

Storey Brothers - $14.00 - shoes and clothing

He also goes to Morgans for some sundries including a sponge - 30 cents.

Thursday, November 25, 1886 ---- Henry and Sarah go to Wayland to visit daughter Hattie, and her husband Harm and their granddaughter Florence. They find them well. They get three roosters from Harm and Hattie - probably dinner tonight? The boys begin to fill the ditch - an indication that these are covered drainage ditches. They have to quit because of snow storm and they all clean about 60 bushels of Barley for the order of 300 bushels going to Briglin.

(Note - while November 25th was officially Thanksgiving Day, there is no mention of any particular celebration, church service, special meal, or other event. Similarly, no mention is made of anything special about Christmas Day a month from now??? The only special mention of December 25th is that it is Cad's 10 birthday! I wonder if their religious practices include not celebrating holidays??? There was no mention of the 4th of July either, or Easter?? I know that some fundamentalist Christian groups specifically do not celebrate Christmas, and perhaps the Olney Family traditions include not celebrating Christmas and other holidays?? Again imput is requested!)

Friday - November 26, 1886 --- Omar takes Old Kitt to Clark Avery's. Bart takes John to James Avery for new shoes all around. Henry makes "stammonioum" ointment. I'm not sure of correct spelling, and can't find any reference to it. Possibly the ointment made from the teasel he harvested last week? Bart and Henry clean and bag some more barley for the big order. Omar works on the ditch some more and gets "nearly done".

Thursday, November 19, 2009

November 19 thru 22, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Friday - November 19, 1886 --- Omar works at lining the ditch with stones, and gets the main part done. Henry breaks up stones for lining the ditch. Sarah does the washing, and Jen takes up the sitting room carpet, cleans it (I presume) and puts it back down.

Saturday - November 20, 1886 --- Henry builds the bridge to the upper level workshop in the upstairs of the new hog house. Omar goes on with the ditching, and Bart and Mills gather more corn. Bart does some plowing in the afternoon. Someone named Bardeen comes by for help. He has gotten stuck in the road beyond the Marshes. Bart goes to help him. Mr. Bardeen pays Henry 25cents for the help. ( This seems unusual - This seems like the kind of help that neighbors would offer each other without money changing hands? -- Maybe he is a stranger?) Bart and Omar go to see Harm and Hattie in Wayland. Sarah and Henry to to Lodge meeting in the evening. Henry pays $2.71 for goods. They initiate William Borden and his wife into the Grange.

Sunday - November 21, 1886 --- The family goes to church in the forenoon, and then to Charles Conley's to visit. George and Belle Pulver and Deloss Hill and his wife are there too. An inquiry to my Dad reveals that Deloss is Sarah's nephew - son of Sarah's oldest brother Harvey Hill. They stay until around 5PM, and then go to visit Vernon Drake whom they found suffering from "neuralgia from the effects of a bad tooth causing a fever. Same as in the case of a boil of any other like swelling." They go to meeting in the evening.

Monday - November 22, 1886 --- Henry makes some stairs for the hog house. Sarah and Henry go to Bloods later and get $65 on the potatoes from D. Weld. and Company - leaving a balance of 98 cents. Henry sends $15 to his mother in Mansfield, PA. along with the box of dried and canned fruit that he prepared the other day. Cost of shipping - by train? - 40 cents. Cost of the registered letter with the $15 - 15 cents. Henry negotiates with Harrison Briglin to sell his barley crop at 58 cents a bushel for 200 bushels, and 60 cents a bushel for 100 more bushels. Henry get paid $10 toward the barley.. balance due of $166. Henry pays Ad Robinson $15 for the threshing he did. (I'm wondering about the economics of grain vs. potatoes. Which is more work? Which yields more money per acre? Are there different soil or land requirements? Etc?? Henry seems to get more money per bushel for grain, but I don't know the other factors? I do know that both in topography and soil quality, the area Henry and family live it is not the best for farming - although a lot better for horses than for modern techniques! That area of New York State was well known in those days as one of the biggest potato growing areas of the country.)

Sunday, November 15, 2009

November 15 thru 18, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Monday, November 15, 1885 --- Omar goes on with ditching. (Note: This extensive "ditching" that Omar has been doing over the past weeks is probably done to drain wet areas of land that they grow crops on. Henry mentions putting stones in the ditches, and there is probably a layer of soil put back over the top to make all the land usable, but with the "ditches" acting like drainage tiles to carry away excess water) Bart helps Sarah do the washing, and also takes the kids to school, and picks them up in the evening. (School does not get mentioned too often in the diary) Henry fixes a meal box for storing feed for the cattle? He mixes meal with bran for a total of about 12 bushels. Bart, Mills, and Lois go to Perry Borden's for a party. Jen goes to the party later on.

Tuesday, November 16, 1886 --- Henry works on the hog house. More confirmation that this is a two story building. Henry makes and hangs a door for the "lower part". He puts two "buttons" on the door to latch it. Mrs. S. Stanton comes by with a bird for Sarah... I presume a chicken or turkey for food? William Boggs comes by and pays Henry $3.60 for the wheat he purchased last spring. (I don't remember any earlier reference to this?) Omar continues work on the ditching, and Jen and Lois iron clothes.

Wednesday, November 17, 1886 --- Henry packs a box of canned and dried fruit for his mother in Mansfield, PA. Bart goes to Leicester Fox's and gets his trunk and clothes. Mr. Fox sends another $50 on Bart's wages to Henry, making a total of $100 paid, and a balance due of $12.50.

Thursday, November 18, 1886 --- Henry works on a door for the upper -workshop - part of the hog house, and sets some posts for the bridge to the shop door. (The hog house must be set against a steep hill.) Bart husks corn in the forenoon, and draws stones for the ditch Omar is working on in the afternoon. Henry Terney and his wife come visit and stay until evening. It is Henry Terney's 50th birthday! Henry comments that he "feels as young as ever, or nearly". Jen has spent the day cleaning.

Wednesday, November 11, 2009

November 11 thru 14, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Thursday, November 11, 1886 - Omar, Mills, and Henry finish putting all their potatoes in the cellar by noon. In the afterenoon, Omar does some plowing, and Mills pulls beets. Henry works on the hog house some more. A peddlar stops by and Sarah buys some cuff buttons and collar buttons to make a shirt for Mills. Henry buys 3 Rogers Brothers plated spoons for $1.75. No way to know what pattern these spoons might have been, but below is a common Rogers Brothers setting from 1847?
Henry records the spoon purchase in his ledger in the back of the diary, but not Sarah's purchase of the buttons - an indication that Sarah has her own money from egg sales, etc??? Sarah goes to W.E. Welds and from there to prayer meeting. (W.E.Weld family is Henry's younger sister Ellen and her husband William Eber Weld.)

Friday, November 12, 1886 - Wild geese fly over. Bart came home last night from his 7 1/2 month stint of working for Leicester Fox. Omar starts working on a ditch by the road on the Terney lot that they rent. Mills husks corn, and Henry works some more on the hog house. Sarah is making a dress for Lois. Toward night, Omar, Bart, Mills, and Henry transfer the pigs into the new hog house.

Saturday, November 13, 1886 --- The first big snowfall - snows all day and drifts! Henry works inside on fixing shoes for Bart and Ettie. Bart must have worn his shoes out while working for Leicester Fox. Bart and Mills husk corn, and Omar splits some wood for winter fuel, and does some chores (another mention of chores?) The boys - Bart and Mills - carry 45 bushels of husked and sorted corn to the corn house. A corn house would be a sort of slatted building that would allow air to move through to dry the corn -- see below. Omar, Bart, and Sarah go to Naples and buy some clothes for Bart at Tobeys - including an overcoat, some underwear, and some socks? A full foot of snow has fallen today!

Sunday, November 14, 1886 ---- Henry comments that it is "clearing off fine but cold and looks like winter for good." Sarah and Bart go to Ingleside to church, but church is canceled due to the weather - the roads are badly drifted in. Omar goes to "see somebody across the fields". Henry comments that it is "probably something of an interesting nature". Henry also comments that Bart goes to see somebody too - "lots of business to be done". Henry seems to making some more of his comments on Omar's behavior, but this time includes Bart in his comments? Being off on his own at Leicester Fox's for most of the past year has probably made Bart a bit more independent and grown up?

Saturday, November 7, 2009

November 7 thru 10, 1886


As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Sunday, Novemb er 7, 1886 --- Sarah, Henry, Omar, Bart, and Mills go to church. Bart must be home visiting - he still has 4 or 5 days left to work for Leicester Fox. Henry comments that Elder Hibbard preaches a good sermon from Romans, Chapter 8, verse 28 ( in Roman numerals VIII- XXVIII) "For we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose." Henry comments that they had a very interesting Bible class lesson, and altogether profitable sermon.

Monday, November 8, 1886 --- Henry goes to Naples with a grist of last year's corn and barley. He buys two "bags" at Granby's - I presume feed sacks? He then goes to Wayland to visit Hattie and Harm and his granddaughter. He takes along some fresh meat from the hog they butchered the other day to pay them back for some meat they "borrowed" some time ago. - 28 3/4 pounds. He stopped in Bloods on the way back home, and collected $100 from D. Weld as partial payment on the potatoes they have been hauling to Bloods over the past several days. I'm not sure what the phrase "I drawed to that firm $100" means? Bart and Mills go to Frank Weld's surprise party. Jane Tenny buys 3 3/4 pounds of meat.

Tuesday, November 9, 1886 --- Frank Marsh borrows Henry's lumber waggon for the day. Omar does some plowing, and Mills husks more corn. Henry works some more on finishing off the Hog house, and Sarah does the washing. Henry writes a letter to Elder Alderman.

Wednesday, November 10, 1886 --- Henry does chores in the forenoon. I think that is the first time I've heard him use the term "chores". "I chore around in the forenoon." Sarah is working on a dress for Sarah. Fowler and Prudie come by to visit. Omar let Prudie have the $100 that Henry paid him for his wages yesterday - the $100 from the potatoes. Henry finishes the letter to Elder Alderman. Bradley Graves comes by and gives Henry $5 in gold to send with the letter to Elder Alderman. Henry goes to Bloods Depot Post Office and sends the letter by registered mail.


Tuesday, November 3, 2009

November 3 thru 6, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Wednesday, November 3, 1886 --- Omar takes a large load of potatoes to Bloods in the morning, and the last load in the afternoon. A grand total of 551 bushels and 44 pounds. A bushel of potatoes is about 60 pounds. Thirty three thousand one hundred and four pounds of potatoes... all dug by hand, loaded by hand, and drawn by horse and wagon for 33 cents a bushel - about a penny for every 2 pounds. Henry notes that that they took a total of 13 loads...... about 1 1/2 tons per load! Seems like it must have been a pretty strong wagon, and pretty strong horses.... at least it is downhill most of the way to Bloods, but holding back that kind of load must have been pretty much as hard on the horses as pulling it up! Upon his return from Bloods, Omar starts plowing under some stubble - could be grain or corn stubble (the part left after cutting down what you want) Sarah goes to Bloods for something, and the first snow of the season falls!

Thursday, November 4, 1886 --- Henry goes to visit Leicester Fox, and settle up accounts on Bart's work for the season. My great grandfather Bart has been working for Leicester Fox since March 17th, except for the few days in September when he was very ill with "cholera morbus" and missed 12 days. Bart needs to make up the time he missed, and they figure he owes Mr. Fox 12 days to make the time up. Bart has evidently worked a extra 5 days already, and they arrange for Bart to work until next Thursday - November 11 (Maybe Friday November 12th - Sunday would not count - Bart does appear in the diary entry next Friday - helping put the pigs in the new hog house at home.) Mr. Fox pays Henry $50 on account for Bart's work, and owes $62.50 balance to be paid in a week or ten days. The total money arranged for the seasons work was $112.50 for 7 1/2 months work. (You can see the "value" of a large family. Henry has extra hands he does not need, and can "rent" out Bart for cash. My Fox either has a smaller family, or a bigger farm, and must pay Henry for the help he needs. While we have seen lots of examples of neighbors helping neighbors, exchanging and bartering, etc. this is very much a business transaction with no leeway for "sick time". When you figure in the value of not feeding Bart for the 7 1/2 months, Bart's labor has profited the family almost as much as the cash value of the potato crop sold to Welds!)

Omar draws potatoes to the cellar for storage.

Friday, November 5, 1886 --- Henry is sick and does not do anything until around noon. Omar goes on with plowing - preparing fields for spring planting. Sarah and Lois go to Naples in the forenoon. Omar and Mills continue putting Comfort potatoes into the cellar for a total of about 90 bushels. Total potato crop is up to about 650 bushels so far?

Saturday, November 6, 1886 --- They butcher and dress the "fat hog" in the morning. Omar and Mills husk corn in the afternoon. Henry and Sarah go to Fellowship Meeting in the afternoon. "The meeting was an important one in many respects, and a good Spirit seemed to pervade the majority of those present, and an important resolution was past (sic)"

Friday, October 30, 2009

October 30 thru November 2, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Saturday, October 30, 1886 --- Omar and Mills husk corn in the barn all morning. Henry cuts sleepers for the hog house. Omar draws them to the hog house, and Henry hews them and installs them. (I'm not sure what the sleepers are. This term usually refers to supports under the floor.) Omar takes another load of potatoes to Bloods in the afternoon. Sarah and Jen go to visit Jane Tenney.

Sunday, October 31, 1886 --- Bart is home to visit. Omar, Bart, Sarah and Henry go to church, and Henry and Sarah go to visit Bradley Graves after church. William Blodgett and his wife also go. Omar goes out at night, and Mills and Jen to to Bloods. Their oldest calf died today.

Monday, November 1, 1886 --- Omar takes another load of potatoes to Bloods, and Mills, Cad, and Henry pick up another 20 bushels of potatoes from the field. Mills buries the calf that died yesterday. Henry goes on working on the hog house floor, and "commences to lay plank". Susie Conley and Charles Conley visit in the afternoon/evening. Omar takes a second load of potatoes to Bloods, and gets back around 8PM.

Tuesday, November 2, 1886 --- Omar takes a "large" load of potatoes to Bloods in the forenoon, and draws corn to the barn in the afternoon. Henry finishes the hog house floor, and then moves his tool chest and his work bench into a shop that is upstairs over the hog house. (The hog house turns out to be a two story structure! The floor laid previously was probably the upstairs floor, and the sleepers are the support under the ground level floor)

Monday, October 26, 2009

October 26 thru 29, 1886


As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Tuesday, October 26, 1886 --- Omar takes two loads of potatoes to Bloods to D. Weld. He does not get a weigh bill to prove how many bushels of potatoes he delivered on the first load, so they try their best to duplicate the first load for the second trip to get an idea of how much has been delivered! Jen goes to visit the Darwin Marsh family with Old Molly and the buggy.


Wednesday, October 27, 1886 --- Henry lays a floor in the hog house. Omar takes two more loads of potatoes to Welds in Bloods. Jen takes Old Molly to the blacksmith (Avery) to get four shoes. Sarah is making a coat for Cad, and Mills works on husking corn.

Thursday, October 28, 1886 --- Omar takes one more load of potatoes to Bloods. Mills, Cad, and Henry, (with help from Omar when he gets back) pick cider apples and put them in one of the wagons.

Friday, October 29, 1886 --- Omar takes the cider apples to Bloods - 2125 pounds! He gets $4.25 for the load. That is about 35 bushels of apples. Omar takes another load of potatoes to Bloods in the afternoon. Henry works on mending shoes for Bart, and boots for Cad. Henry then puts a ridge board on the hog house, and trims the shingles along the edge of the roof. (Since the roof is finished, I'm not sure what the ridge board is... it would normally be a vertical board at the peak of the roof where the rafters join, but would surely need to be installed during the framing stage of the roof construction - not afterward?) Sarah goes to Naples to get dresses for Lois and Ettie.

Thursday, October 22, 2009

October 22 thru 25, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Friday October 22, 1886 -- Henry, with Cad's help, goes on shingling the hog house. Omar helps Ansel Tyler do threshing, and Mills husks corn. Sarah goes to Bloods and checks the price of potatoes - 31 cents a bushel from Briglin.

Saturday, October 23, 1886 --- Omar starts plowing the North East field. He also helps with shingling some after dinner. He then takes a grist of feed for the horses to Naples for grinding. Jen goes to Bloods to pick up Elder Hibbard at the train station. Henry works on the hog house "nearly all day" and gets it pretty much done except for one course of shingles. Elder Hibbard stays overnight with them.

Sunday, October 24, 1886 --- They go to meeting in the morning and evening - not much additional detail.

Monday, October 25, 1886 --- Omar and Mills put up firewood in the wood house for the winter until around noon. They then put up a load of potatoes for Weld and Company. Henry has arranged to sell them 500 bushels to be delivered as soon as they can haul them to Bloods. According the the ledger entries from later in November, Henry has sold the 500 bushels at 33 cents a bushel -rather than the 31 cents a bushel offered by Briglin. He collects $165 from Weld and Co. for the potatoes - $100 on November 9th, and $65 on November 22nd. Sarah and Henry go to a surprise (party) in the evening at James Chapman's.

Sunday, October 18, 2009

October 18 thru 21, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Monday, October 18, 1886 --- Omar and Mills husk corn, and Henry works on repairing shoes until around noon when Aunt Catherine Weld comes by and wants him to go to Ira Polmateer's in Ingleside. He takes along a tank, and gets 5 gallons of oil at James Avery's blacksmith shop. Henry's sister Prudence and her husband Arnold Fowler came to visit in the afternoon. Omar went to Naples at night.

Tuesday, October 19, 1886 --- Omar, Mills, and Cad dig potatoes, and Henry works on the roof of the hog house, getting the rafters up and half the roof boards done. Henry sorts corn after lunch, and carries it to the corn house - about 20 bushels. Henry goes to Naples in the afternoon, with a grist of corn and wheat. He buys a pair of boots for Mills for $3.25, and gets a piece of sole leather for 60 cents for shoe repair. He returns home and continues work on the hog house.

Wednesday, October 20, 1886 --- Henry finishes the roof boards on the hog house, and trims the ends flush for the cornice. The cornice is a board along the top edge of the wall where the roof meets the walls. Omar and Mills continue digging potatoes - 105 bushels - all done but the Jumbos (?). Henry husks more corn. Ellen (Henry's sister?) came by and bought a sac of peaches and pears for drying.

Thursday, October 21, 1886 --- Omar and Mills dig potatoes - 69 bushels of Jumbos. They also cover all the heaps of potatoes but one of Callum's Superb potatoes (presumably these are the ones referred to as Jumbos? - see note below - could not find picture.)

Callum's Superb. — Excellent potato, large and oblong, smooth, regular and sound
flesh color, resembling Early Rose, with well marked eyes, very few culls

Oman and Mills draw corn into the barn in the afternoon, and also take shingles to the hog house. Henry gets the hog house nearly ready for shingling.

Wednesday, October 14, 2009

October 14 thru 17, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Thursday, October 14, 1886 --- Omar and Mills dig and pick up 75 bushels of potatoes in the forenoon. Henry husks some corn, and picks up apples. Sarah goes to visit Catharine Weld but does not get any further than the Blodgett's place. Henry fixes the hog pen, and moves the small pigs.

Friday, October 15, 1886 --- Omar and Mills dig potatoes again, and Henry husks more corn. Sarah goes to Wayland to her daughter's place and gets 28 3/4 pounds of fresh shoulder meat - pork. Aaron Putnam and his wife visit. He goes on to Naples, and his wife Adah stays to visit. She and Sarah go to Nickleses toward evening. Henry goes to Ingleside, and buys some boot blacking from Wyman Drake for 6 cents. ( 59 years before the birth of his great great grandson Donald - Me!)

Saturday, October 16, 1886 --- First hard frost of the year. Omar digs potatoes, and Mills piles them. Henry covers them - presumably to prevent frost damage? Omar digs 97 bushels. Omar and Mills draw pumpkins in the afternoon - presumably for food in those days. Sarah and Henry go to Lodge meeting in the evening.

Sunday, October 17, 1886 --- Even harder frost - 26 degrees, and snow! Bart is home to visit, and they have sweet potatoes. Henry stays home from church because of the storm, and "a tendency to neuralgia in (his) face" He notes that there was no meeting or Sunday School due to the storm.

Saturday, October 10, 2009

October 10 thru 13, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Sunday, October 10, 1886 --- Sarah and Henry go to church in the morning and the evening. They go home with W.E.Weld after the morning service. Preaching at both services by Elder Childs. Henry declares both sermons "very good", but "in some respects a little short of that clearness and definite style usually adopted by him." Emphasis mine - Henry has some "clear and definite" ideas about all things religious - a trait passed on to his descendants. Omar takes Susie Conley on a drive to George Pulver's. (a date?)

Monday, October 11, 1886 --- Sarah does washing in the forenoon. Henry is not feeling well, but along with Omar and Mills, they work on the siding for the hog house. They get the north side, the east side, and the upper part of the west side done. Sarah takes some peaches to Bloods to Slatterys, and balances the accounts with them. Henry notes that Addamus did not give them a receipt, but did "tear the bill to pieces". Sarah also takes a half bushel of peaches to D.D.Clark who pays her for them.

Tuesday, October 12, 1886 --- Sarah goes to Wayland to visit Harm and Hattie and granddaughter Florence. She finds them well - recovered from their recent illness - and she bring Lois home. Omar and Mills dig potatoes all day, and Henry takes 213 feet of lumber to Griswold's mill, and has it planed and matched for a total cost of 64 cents. He visits "Asel"(?) Tyler to get money for his sister Prudence Fowler, but he is not at home. Henry goes home and continues work on the siding for the hog house.

Wednesday, October 13, 1886 --- Henry finishes the siding, and cuts "ganes" in the plates for the rafters. Omar and Mills dig 108 bushels of potatoes, and pile them for drying. Henry goes to Bloods and gets 213 feet of Hemlock lumber at $1 per hundred feet, and put it on account. He also took a sample of his barley to Briglins, and shows it to Booon, but they are not buying barley.

Tuesday, October 6, 2009

October 6 thru 8, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Wednesday - October 6, 1886 --- First light frost! Omar and Mills dig potatoes in the forenoon, and dig out an area for foundation for a new hog house in the afternoon. Henry has laid out the position for the hog house and gets the abutments partially laid. I suspect abutments would be masonry or stone corners to support the wood structure? Omar and Mills draw the lumber for the frame to the site.... possibly the lumber Henry bought a few days ago? Sarah takes 1/2 bushel of peaches to Mrs. Darwin Marsh and gets 75 cents for them. Henry has 4 new shoes put on Old Kitt - one of the horses. Ettie returns home from somewhere?

Thursday - October 7, 1886 --- Omar, Mills, and Henry frame up the hog house. Omar and Mills then pick apples in the "old orchard". Henry goes on working on the hog house till nearly dark, and then he and Sarah go to prayer meeting. Henry buys a box of matches from Wyman Drake for 6 cents. He also gets a "postal" from his brother Robert, and another from his sister Prudie. The post office was in Ingleside - the original post office boxes are in display at the Rochester Museum and Science Center in Rochester, NY.

Friday - October 8, 1886 --- Omar and Mills store the apples in the cellar, and then draw some scantling for the frame of the hog house. (Scantling is an old term for what we would currently call a 2x4 - used as a stud or rafter in framing.) Sarah goes to Bloods and sells a half bushel of Blood Peaches to Slatterys for $2 per bushel... the Crawford peaches sell for $1.50/bushel. (Blood peaches have a more reddish color to the skin and fruit.) Henry finishes framing the hog house, and gets part of the siding on. Omar goes to Naples, and takes 72 cents to pay Doughty for the canning jars, and buys 6 pounds of 30 penny nails. (a 30 penny nail is about 4 1/2" long)

Saturday - October 9, 1886 --- Henry finishes siding the hog house. Omar and Mills draw corn to the barn in the forenoon, and Omar goes to the Fair in Naples in the afternoon. Sarah has some sewing to do, so Henry and Sarah do not go to the Fair, but they go to Ingleside in the evening to a "Special". I have no idea what a "Special" is?? Omar goes to Charles Conley's in the evening. After a light frost on Wednesday morning, it goes up to 78 today! (Good old upstate New York weather)


Friday, October 2, 2009

October 2 thru 5, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Saturday, October 2, 1886 -- Omar and Mills dig potatoes. Henry goes to Naples with a grist of old corn (last year's crop) for the old sow, and 4 bushels of feed for the cows and horses, and 2 bushels of wheat for flour for the family. (Sounds like a lot of flour, but remember they are making bread, cake, cookies, etc. for 12 people plus lots of guests.) Sarah and Henry go to fellowship meeting in the afternoon, and take tea with Brother William Borden - probably a visiting preacher. They go to Grange meeting in the evening - "full meeting and interesting."

Sunday, October 3, 1886 --- Omar, Bart, and Mills walk to Ingleside to church. Sarah and Henry drive a buggy with John (horse). Elder Hibbard preached a good sermon on the last chapter of Ecclesiastes. (Fear God, and keep his commandments; for that is the whole duty of everyone" (12:13).) Uncle Augustus Weld (Sarah's uncle) and wife Mary, and Charles Conley and family come home with them for dinner. Charles Conley pays $4 he owes Henry. In the evening Henry and Sarah go to church.

Monday, October 4, 1886 --- Henry picks and crates a bushel of peaches to send to his brother Robert in Mansfield, PA. He takes John (horse) to Ingleside for two shoes, and gets a ring put into the clasp on the whiffletree. (I've put a picture of a whiffletree on here before, but here it is again - also called a swingltree or a singletree .... a pivoting system for hitching horses to buggies, wagons, plows, etc.)
Henry takes the peaches to Bloods to the train depot to ship to Mansfield for his brother.... cost to ship them - 60 cents. He also buys some lumber from D. Weld, and a basket from Cornishes. Sarah does the wash, and Ettie is helping Julia Marsh.

Tuesday, October 5,1886 --- Henry goes to Naples to the mill for grinding his grain for animal feed. He buys 6 two quart jars at J. Doughty's. He then goes to Bloods with a half bushel of peaches for D. Borden, and buys some lumber from D. Weld. Henry has D. Weld credit him with $1.50 from D.D.Clark's account. Account of lumber transaction in memo section of diary - see picture below. This lumber purchase information is evidently carried over from yesterday. (click on picture for bigger easier to read version)

Monday, September 28, 2009

September 28 thru October 1, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Tuesday - September 28, 1886 --- Omar and Mills go on fixing the fence - presumably the one the cows got out through a few days ago? Henry and Sarah go to Wayland to check on his daughter Hattie, husband Harm, and granddaughter Florence who were very sick. Florence is feeling better, and Harm is still sick, but much better. They return home to find that Frank Simmons and his wife had been there and got a half bushel of peaches, and had left just before Henry and Sarah got home. Henry works some on the road work that he does in lieu of taxes. Waddamus stays overnight again, and he and Henry do some trading. Waddamus gets a bushel of peaches, and Henry gets a pair of suspenders, and one necktie? Waddamus must be a traveling peddler?

Wednesday - September 29, 1886 --- Henry finishes his roadwork, and comments that Mrs. Lawyer, and Robert Smith still have some roadwork to complete? Henry goes to Bloods, and takes Jen to help Aunt Fanny for a few days. He buys a half pint of butter color from H.C.Pierce for 35 cents. He goes to see D. Weld about some boards for the fence, but he doesn't have any. He also sends his sister Prudie a letter about the peaches he has.

Thursday - September 30, 1886 --- Sarah goes to Wayland to check on Harm and Hattie and Florence, and finds them all doing better. Henry is not feeling to well again (or still) but still manages to put a window in the end of the barn. Omar and Mills dig 26 bushels of potatoes, and continue the fence repairs.

Friday - October 1, 1886 --- Omar and Mills continue digging potatoes. Susie Conley, Susan Hill (Sarah's niece), and Florence Addams come to visit. Henry picks a bushel of peaches and takes them to Stephen Stanton. He sells 1/4 bushel of peaches to Florence Addams, and a bushel and a half of Crawfords to D.D. Clark. Prudence Fowler comes by and gets a half bushel of peaches. Henry has sold a lot of peaches. Seems like peaches must not be too common in the area because Henry is selling them to a lot of his neighbors..... not shipping them off to other areas by train like the raspberries.

Thursday, September 24, 2009

September 24 thru 27, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Friday - September 24, 1886 --- Omar and Mills put the cows out to pasture on the Terney place (this explains why they built a fence around the haystack a few days ago.) Then they plant raspberry tips, and Omar sharpens some fence posts. Henry, with Cad's help, finishes shingling the lean-to part of the house - probably used as a wood shed to keep the wood dry for heating the house. Sarah is sewing, and Jen is doing the wash. Henry says he is still quite sick.

Saturday - September 25, 1886 --- Omar goes on sharpening fence posts, and Mills goes on planting raspberry tips. Lois is mopping, Sarah is sewing, and Jen is "changing things up around". I've no idea what that means. Henry is still sick, and does not do much except dig some borers out of the apple trees. Sarah and Henry go to Ingleside in the afternoon to the cemetery meeting. Sarah takes some peaches to Phoebe Hill. Henry gets a letter from his daughter Hattie in Wayland telling him that Florence (his grandaughter) is very sick with diarrhea.

Sunday - September 26, 1886 --- Sarah and Henry go to Wayland to visit Hattie, Harm, and Florence. Harm is sick with the diarrhea thing too. Florence (2 years old) is very sick, and Henry uses the phrase "she may rally". The Doctor has told them she will be OK if nothing more serious sets in? Ellen (Henry's younger sister) has sent along some pills.

Monday - September 27, 1886 --- Sarah has stayed over in Wayland to take care of Harm, Hattie, and Florence. Henry goes home and takes a bushel of Crawford peaches to the Avery's.
Henry says he is feeling better, but does not feel much like working. Frank Simmons comes by and orders a bushel of peaches. C. Waddamus comes to visit and stays overnight. Henry and Mr. Waddamus don't do any trading?

Sunday, September 20, 2009

September 20 thru 23, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Monday - September 20, 1886 --- Henry has two hind horseshoes put on John, and a clasp made for the whiffletree at the blacksmith's shop in Ingleside. He also places an order with the Grange purchasing agent for "goods". The members of the Grange evidently formed sort of a co-op for purchasing various farming related products. Omar and Mills cut corn. Jen and Sarah do the washing. Lois is feeling a bit better, but Henry is coming down with a cold.

Tuesday - September 21, 1886 --- Henry puts up a scaffold, and Omar removes old shingles from the roof of a "lean-to" attached to the house - probably a place to store firewood and coal to keep it dry. Henry replaces shingles, and Omar and Mills go on cutting corn. Henry's cold continues to bother him. Jen goes to visit Hattie Warren - Omar's girlfriend - with old Moll and the buggy. Ira Ingraham visits and stays to dinner. Ira is Henry's sister Harriet's brother-in-law.

Wednesday - September 22, 1886 --- Omar goes to help on the threshing crew at Frank Marsh's place. Henry has a bad headache, but he and Cad lay shingles on the lean-to roof, getting the long side nearly done, and the eave trough attached before it begins to rain. Henry sweeps the dirt off the new roof. Omar returns around 4PM. (according to the ledger, Henry paid $6.40 to Edward Drake for the shingles @ $1.25/bundle?)

Thursday - September 23, 1886 --- Jane Terney sends Jen and Lois each 25 cents.... not sure why? The cows get out, and get into the corn. Henry has Omar build a fence around the haystack at Terney's - presumably to prevent a similar problem there? Frank Gardner comes by and gets a quart of milk for 25 cents, and contracts to get a quart a day. Henry is still feeling pretty bad. Sarah and Henry go to visit the Terney's till mid afternoon, and then Sarah goes to Teal's in Ingleside and trades some eggs for 6 quart jars for canning, and 28 cents change.

Wednesday, September 16, 2009

September 16 thru 19, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Thursday - September 16, 1886 -- They go on working on the ditch. I have no idea what the function of this ditch is, or it's location. (Since they have been, and continue to be lining the ditch with stones - presumably to deter erosion - it should be possible to find it's location if we were to apply modern archeology techniques to the site. That would be fun!) Henry goes to visit Henry Polmateer and Henry Terney. In the evening, he and Sarah to to prayer meeting, where there was "a goodly number present and (they) had a good meeting".

Friday - September 17th, 1886 -- Omar goes to the fair in Prattsburgh, NY. Omar is of course the oldest child - age 24 - but he seems to be the one most likely to participate in more "worldly" activities.

"In 1884 the Union Agriculture Society of Prattsburgh, made up of local farmers and
businessmen, held an exhibition of farm and other products for a few days during the harvest
season. Encouraged by the success of the 1884 exhibit, the fairgrounds were prepared the
following year, and the great Prattsburgh Fair had begun. The grounds housed a large Fair
House, a grandstand, a bandstand and racetrack. The fair was a success, proven by the number of people who came from all around. The racetrack soon became known as the “Saratoga of Steuben,” and for twenty-five years, the Ag Society held the annual gathering. People of Prattsburgh and surrounding towns looked forward to this delightful occasion."
Above from a draft copy of Town of Prattsburgh Comprehensive Plan - 2008

Lois and Sarah are sick - maybe they caught Bart's illness? Henry comments that he has to do the housework. Bart is still home recovering, but is doing better, and he takes Old Molly and goes to Wayland to pick up Ettie who has been visiting her sister for a few days. Mrs. Miner stops by and has dinner with them. Sarah recovers a bit and is able to sit up. Mills continues work on the ditch - drawing stones with Old Kitt.

Saturday - September 18, 1886 -- Omar continues to line the ditch with stones. Mills and Henry fix the fence around the Old Orchard. Towards night, Henry takes a grist of feed for the animals, and some wheat for flour for the family to the mill in Naples. He and Sarah go to Grange in the evening, stopping by the Blodgett's place on the way. They take some peaches to Phoebe Blodgett, and to Mrs. Steven Stanton.

Sunday - September 19, 1886 -- Henry and Sarah to to church in the morning. Henry and Jane Terney come home with them and have dinner, and still till around 5PM. Bart heads back to Leicester Fox's to go back to work in the evening, and Jen returns home from her visit to Prattsburgh.

Saturday, September 12, 2009

September 12 thru 15, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Sunday - September 12, 1886 -- Elder Hibbard is staying with them, and they take him to meeting. Omar and Jen are in Prattsburgh visiting - Jen stays over, and Omar returns home and goes to visit "his Hattie". (Hattie Warren whom he will marry in a couple of years) Henry goes to meeting in the evening. Bart has returned home. (He is working for Leicester Fox) Bart is very sick - "threatened with diarhea (sic) of a billious type".

Monday - September 13, 1886 -- Bart has been sick all night, and they have stayed up with him. "He vomits and purges like Cholera Morbus". ( A once popular name for an acute gastroenteritis with diarrhea, cramps, and vomiting, occurring in the summer or autumn. Also called summer cholera or summer complaint - this term does not refer to the cholera we normally think of.) Henry takes Elder Hibbard to Bloods in the morning to the train, and while there he gets 1 ounce Carbonate Ammonia at Dr. Carpenter's for Bart. Dr. Carpenter had a pharmacy in North Cohocton. (Ammonium carbonate is used when crushed as a smelling salt. It can be crushed when needed in order to revive someone who has fainted. It is also known as "baker's ammonia" and was a forerunner to the more modern leavening agents baking soda and baking powder.) Mills and Cad bury a calf that has died, and Omar is helping the threshing crew which has moved on down the road a bit to Mrs. Lawyer's place. Henry and Mills dig some potatoes to clear a roadway to get to another field so they can draw some hay. Even semi-level land is at a premium, so it appears they use every inch, and plan so they can harvest one crop first and then pass through that area to another. Sarah does some washing - Mills also helps with that. Even in a time when I'm sure they didn't change clothes as often as we do, laundry for 11 people must have been quite a chore with no washers and dryers? Drying would have been hanging the clothes out on a line outside. They might have had a washer like my grandmother Drake had - a wooden tub arrangement with a hand lever that rotated an agitator back and forth, and a hand crank wringer? Something like the one below would have been a luxury.
Today, believe it or not, there is an ordinance against hanging out clothes to dry in the village of Cohocton!Tuesday - September 14, 1886 -- They spend the day going to a Grange picnic at Linden Wood. I'm not sure where that is, but it is a 2 hour trip by horse and buggy. They hear a good speech by somebody. Linden Wood must be in the Wayland, Cohocton, Bloods direction because they stop at Slattery's and barter some eggs for their worth in sugar. They get back home around 6PM.

Wednesday - September 15th, 1886 -- Henry draws some hay. Henry also puts up a grist and takes it to the mill in Naples. Omar works for the Nickles all day cutting buckwheat, in exchange for the time Mr. Nickles worked on their threshing crew? Mills works at cleaning out the strawberry beds, and Sarah is canning fruit. Fall is upon us --- the temperature has been in 40's and 50's the past few days!

Monday, September 7, 2009

September 8 thru 11, 1886

As always, click on the picture to enlarge for easier reading of original. Feel free to contact me with corrections, additional information, or comments. Additional information can be checked out with the links to the right.

Wednesday - September 8, 1886 - Leicester Fox stops by to pick up 4 bushels of wheat for James Avery. Henry goes to Bloods, and gets 710 pounds of coal from VanWie for $1.24 - about $3.70 per ton! I would have thought they would have heated entirely with wood which would be "free" on their land, but coal would have been better for a longer lasting fire with less care. Sarah goes to Naples and gets molasses, kerosene oil, and something else I'm not sure of? D.D.Clark buys 2 bushels of Peaches at 75 cents a bushel, 20 pounds of butter, and he pays off the balance owed on the berries from last month. Henry also sells a half bushel of peaches to William Borden and wife.

Don's note: I noticed in the ledger pages that Henry sent his brother Robert $10 in currency as balance due on a watch and chain, on the 7th. According to the ledger, he bought a watch and chain, and some gold spectacles from Robert for $25 - a goodly sum. He also paid Charles Olney (his nephew) 89 cents for a gold pen while in Mansfield last week.

Thursday - September 9, 1886 -- They clear out the barn to get ready for the threshing crew to come, and then go to the Weld Family reunion at W.E. Welds place. Henry reports fair attendance, and "all seemed to enjoy themselves". This would be sort of a beginning of our current day Hill Reunion..... Weld being Sarah's mother's family, and the Hill reunion is descendants of Sarah Hill Olney. They see Foster Roberts and his wife Huldah - Huldah is Sarah's aunt - her mother's sister. They see a "goodly number of other relatives". Remarks were made by Augustus Weld - Sarah's uncle -- younger brother of Sarah's mother, and brother of Huldah.

Friday - September 10, 1886 -- They do some more preparation for the threshing crew, and they arrive around noon, and thresh grain all afternoon. A bunch of folks come to visit.... Charles Conley brings Uncle Foster Roberts and Hulda to visit. Julia Drake brings a cousin to visit - Iness Hubbell, and Hannah Conley comes by and towards evening Eber and Ellen Weld (Ellen is Henry's younger sister) come by. While all this was going on, the threshing crew got out 230 bushels of barley.

Saturday - September 11, 1886 -- Henry checks the clover hay, and finds it a bit wet, but not too bad. The corn is ripening "nicely", and the pumpkins are also doing well. Henry takes Uncle Roberts and Huldah and their daughter to Bloods, and while there, picks up Elder Hibbard at the train. The threshing crew finishes their work and leaves after dinner (noon meal). They end up with 336 bushels of Barley, 225 bushels of Oats, and 83 bushels of wheat.